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Journal Articles Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience Year : 2021

Can Enhancing Neuronal Activity Improve Myelin Repair in Multiple Sclerosis?

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Abstract

Enhanced neuronal activity in the healthy brain can induce de novo myelination and behavioral changes. As neuronal activity can be achieved using non-invasive measures, it may be of interest to utilize the innate ability of neuronal activity to instruct myelination as a novel strategy for myelin repair in demyelinating disorders such as multiple sclerosis (MS). Preclinical studies indicate that stimulation of neuronal activity in demyelinated lesions indeed has the potential to improve remyelination and that the stimulation paradigm is an important determinant of success. However, future studies will need to reveal the most efficient stimulation protocols as well as the biological mechanisms implicated. Nonetheless, clinical studies have already explored non-invasive brain stimulation as an attractive therapeutic approach that ameliorates MS symptomatology. However, whether symptom improvement is due to improved myelin repair remains unclear. In this mini-review, we discuss the neurobiological basis and potential of enhancing neuronal activity as a novel therapeutic approach in MS.
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inserm-03151896 , version 1 (25-02-2021)

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Dorien A Maas, María Cecilia Angulo. Can Enhancing Neuronal Activity Improve Myelin Repair in Multiple Sclerosis?. Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience, 2021, 15, pp.645240. ⟨10.3389/fncel.2021.645240⟩. ⟨inserm-03151896⟩
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