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ITGBL1 is a new immunomodulator that favors development of melanoma tumors by inhibiting natural killer cells cytotoxicity

Abstract : Resistances to immunotherapies remains a major hurdle towards a cure for melanoma in numerous patients. An increase in the mesenchymal phenotype and a loss of differentiation have been clearly associated with resistance to targeted therapies. Similar phenotypes have been more recently also linked to resistance to immune checkpoint therapies. We demonstrated here that the loss of MIcrophthalmia associated Transcription Factor (MITF), a pivotal player in melanocyte differentiation, favors the escape of melanoma cells from the immune system. We identified Integrin beta-like protein 1 (ITGBL1), a secreted protein, upregulated in anti-PD1 resistant patients and in MITFlow melanoma cells, as the key immunomodulator. ITGBL1 inhibited immune cell cytotoxicity against melanoma cells by inhibiting NK cells cytotoxicity and counteracting beneficial effects of anti-PD1 treatment, both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, MITF inhibited RUNX2, an activator of ITGBL1 transcription. Interestingly, VitaminD3, an inhibitor of RUNX2, improved melanoma cells to death by immune cells. In conclusion, our data suggest that inhibition of ITGBL1 might improve melanoma response to immunotherapies.
Keywords : ITGBL1 MITF Melanoma
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03138806
Contributor : Bertolotto-Ballotti Bertolotto-Ballotti <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 11, 2021 - 2:23:09 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 22, 2021 - 6:06:01 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, May 12, 2021 - 6:55:26 PM

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Yann Cheli, Meri Tulic, Najla El Hachem, Nicolas Nottet, Arnaud Jacquel, et al.. ITGBL1 is a new immunomodulator that favors development of melanoma tumors by inhibiting natural killer cells cytotoxicity. Molecular Cancer, BioMed Central, 2021, 20 (1), pp.12. ⟨10.1186/s12943-020-01306-2⟩. ⟨inserm-03138806⟩

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