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Journal Articles Polymers Year : 2021

Curdlan–Chitosan Electrospun Fibers as Potential Scaffolds for Bone Regeneration

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Jean Le Bideau
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 856142
Admire Dube
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1072201
Christine Jérôme
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 856264

Abstract

Polysaccharides have received a lot of attention in biomedical research for their high potential as scaffolds owing to their unique biological properties. Fibrillar scaffolds made of chitosan demonstrated high promise in tissue engineering, especially for skin. As far as bone regeneration is concerned, curdlan (1,3‐β‐glucan) is particularly interesting as it enhances bone growth by helping mesenchymal stem cell adhesion, by favoring their differentiation into osteoblasts and by limiting the osteoclastic activity. Therefore, we aim to combine both chitosan and curdlan polysaccharides in a new scaffold for bone regeneration. For that purpose, curdlan was electrospun as a blend with chitosan into a fibrillar scaffold. We show that this novel scaffold is biodegradable (8% at two weeks), exhibits a good swelling behavior (350%) and is non‐cytotoxic in vitro. In addition, the benefit of incorporating curdlan in the scaffold was demonstrated in a scratch assay that evidences the ability of curdlan to express its immunomodulatory properties by enhancing cell migration. Thus, these innovative electrospun curdlan–chitosan scaffolds show great potential for bone tissue engineering.
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Dates and versions

inserm-03137953 , version 1 (10-02-2021)

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Clément Toullec, Jean Le Bideau, Valerie Geoffroy, Boris Halgand, Nela Buchtova, et al.. Curdlan–Chitosan Electrospun Fibers as Potential Scaffolds for Bone Regeneration. Polymers, 2021, 13, pp.526. ⟨10.3390/polym13040526⟩. ⟨inserm-03137953⟩
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