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Coffee Intake and Neurocognitive Performance in HIV/HCV Coinfected Patients (ANRS CO13 HEPAVIH)

Abstract : Coffee is one of the most consumed beverages worldwide. Previous research has demonstrated its neuroprotective effects in the elderly. People coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) experience an accelerated aging process and cognitive impairment, which significantly impair quality of life and may affect disease-related dimensions such as treatment adherence. This study aimed to analyse the relationship between regular coffee intake and neurocognitive performance (NCP) in HIV-HCV coinfected people. We used data from 139 coinfected patients who participated in both the ANRS CO13 HEPAVIH cohort and the HEPAVIH-Psy cross-sectional survey. Linear regression models adjusting for potential sociodemographic (age, gender, educational level), clinical (liver disease status, ongoing HCV treatment, HIV viral load, major depressive disorder) and socio-behavioural (cannabis use) correlates of NCP were used. Our results showed significant, positive associations between elevated coffee intake (ECI) (three or more cups of coffee per day) and NCP in verbal fluency, psychomotor speed (coding) and executive functioning. ECI might therefore preserve neurocognitive functioning in people living with HIV and HCV.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03121659
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 26, 2021 - 3:20:41 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 26, 2021 - 7:56:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, April 27, 2021 - 6:58:55 PM

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Saskia Antwerpes, Camelia Protopopescu, Philippe Morlat, Fabienne Marcellin, Linda Wittkop, et al.. Coffee Intake and Neurocognitive Performance in HIV/HCV Coinfected Patients (ANRS CO13 HEPAVIH). Nutrients, MDPI, 2020, 12 (9), pp.2532. ⟨10.3390/nu12092532⟩. ⟨inserm-03121659⟩

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