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Ribosomal RNA 2′O-methylation as a novel layer of inter-tumour heterogeneity in breast cancer

Abstract : Recent epitranscriptomics studies unravelled that ribosomal RNA (rRNA) 2′O-methylation is an additional layer of gene expression regulation highlighting the ribosome as a novel actor of translation control. However, this major finding lies on evidences coming mainly, if not exclusively, from cellular models. Using the innovative next-generation RiboMeth-seq technology, we established the first rRNA 2′O-methylation landscape in 195 primary human breast tumours. We uncovered the existence of compulsory/stable sites, which show limited inter-patient variability in their 2′O-methylation level, which map on functionally important sites of the human ribosome structure and which are surrounded by variable sites found from the second nucleotide layers. Our data demonstrate that some positions within the rRNA molecules can tolerate absence of 2′O-methylation in tumoral and healthy tissues. We also reveal that rRNA 2′O-methylation exhibits intra- and inter-patient variability in breast tumours. Its level is indeed differentially associated with breast cancer subtype and tumour grade. Altogether, our rRNA 2′O-methylation profiling of a large-scale human sample collection provides the first compelling evidence that ribosome variability occurs in humans and suggests that rRNA 2′O-methylation might represent a relevant element of tumour biology useful in clinic. This novel variability at molecular level offers an additional layer to capture the cancer heterogeneity and associates with specific features of tumour biology thus offering a novel targetable molecular signature in cancer.
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Contributor : Bruno Klaholz Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, January 8, 2021 - 7:35:15 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 14, 2022 - 4:56:19 PM
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Virginie Marcel, Janice Kielbassa, Virginie Marchand, Kundhavai s Natchiar, Hermes Paraqindes, et al.. Ribosomal RNA 2′O-methylation as a novel layer of inter-tumour heterogeneity in breast cancer. NAR Cancer, Oxford University Press, 2020, 2 (4), pp.1-12. ⟨10.1093/narcan/zcaa036⟩. ⟨inserm-03103238⟩



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