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Breast cancer screening: Impact on care pathways

Abstract : Background: Controversy persists concerning screening programs (SPs), related to a potential risk of overdiagnosis or the impact on survival. One of the main questions to be addressed concerns the aggressiveness of the related treatments. Methods: Using the "Cancer Cohort," a national-based cohort (medico-administrative database), all women between the ages of 50 and 74 years and treated in 2014 for incident breast cancer were compared, according to whether their diagnosis was made following a mammogram performed within the framework of the SP (SP group) or outside it (NSP group). Results: A total of 23 788 women were identified: 13 530 (57%) in the SP group and 10 258 (43%) in the NSP group. The women in the SP group had a higher rate of in situ or localized invasive breast cancer. They had a higher rate of breast-conserving surgery (82% vs 70%), and a lower rate of chemotherapy (34% vs 53%). These findings were observed irrespective of the stage. They had a higher rate of pathways involving breast-conserving surgery followed by radiotherapy. Among women with metastatic cancer, those in the SP group had a lower proportion of liver, lung, brain, and bone metastases, and a higher proportion of lymph node metastases (other than axillary), irrespective of the time to onset of the metastases. Conclusion: The women in whom cancer was diagnosed following a mammogram performed in the context of the SP had less advanced cancer and less aggressive treatments. This observational study helps illustrate the benefit of the SP in France using a different approach.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 5, 2021 - 12:25:18 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 5:50:26 AM
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Delphine Lefeuvre, Nathalie Catajar, Christine Le Bihan Benjamin, Norbert Ifrah, Frédéric de Bels, et al.. Breast cancer screening: Impact on care pathways. Cancer Medicine, Wiley, 2019, 8, pp.4070 - 4078. ⟨10.1002/cam4.2283⟩. ⟨inserm-03097371⟩



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