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Dendrogenin A Synergizes with Cytarabine to Kill Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cells In Vitro and In Vivo

Abstract : Dendrogenin A (DDA) is a mammalian cholesterol metabolite that displays potent antitumor properties on acute myeloid leukemia (AML). DDA triggers lethal autophagy in cancer cells through a biased activation of the oxysterol receptor LXRβ, and the inhibition of a sterol isomerase. We hypothesize that DDA could potentiate the activity of an anticancer drug acting through a different molecular mechanism, and conducted in vitro and in vivo combination tests on AML cell lines and patient primary tumors. We report here results from tests combining DDA with antimetabolite cytarabine (Ara-C), one of the main drugs used for AML treatment worldwide. We demonstrated that DDA potentiated and sensitized AML cells, including primary patient samples, to Ara-C in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistic studies revealed that this sensitization was LXRβ-dependent and was due to the activation of lethal autophagy. This study demonstrates a positive in vitro and in vivo interaction between DDA and Ara-C, and supports the clinical evaluation of DDA in combination with Ara-C for the treatment of AML.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03084638
Contributor : Marc Poirot <>
Submitted on : Monday, December 21, 2020 - 11:43:34 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 24, 2021 - 11:22:01 AM

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Nizar Serhan, Pierre-Luc Mouchel, Philippe de Médina, Gregory Segala, Aurélie Mougel, et al.. Dendrogenin A Synergizes with Cytarabine to Kill Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cells In Vitro and In Vivo. Cancers, MDPI, 2020, 12 (7), pp.1725. ⟨10.3390/cancers12071725⟩. ⟨inserm-03084638⟩

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