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Journal Articles Journal of Dermatological Science Year : 2020

Dysregulation of LXR responsive genes contribute to ichthyosis in trichothiodystrophy

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Abstract

Background: Trichothiodystrophy (TTD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterised by brittle hairs and various systemic symptoms, including photosensitivity and ichthyosis. While photosensitivity could result from DNA repair defects, other TTD clinical features might be due to deficiencies in certain molecular processes. Objectives: The aim of this study was to understand the pathophysiological mechanism of ichthyosis in TTD, focused on the transcriptional dysregulation. Methods: TTD mouse skin tissue and keratinocytes were pathologically and physiologically examined to identify the alteration of lipid homeostasis in TTD with ichtyosis. Gene expression of certain lipid transporter was assessed in fibroblasts derived from TTD patients and TTD mouse keratinocytes. Results: Histopathology and electron microscopy revealed abnormal lipid composition in TTD mice skin. In addition to abnormal cholesterol dynamics, TTD mouse keratinocytes exhibit impaired expression of Liver X receptor (LXR) responsive genes, including Abca12, a key regulator of Harlequin ichthyosis, and Abcg1 that is involved in the cholesterol transport process in the epidermis. Strikingly, dysregulation of LXR responsive genes has been only observed in cells isolated from TTD patients who developed ichthyosis. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the altered expression of the LXR-responsive genes contribute to the pathophysiology of ichthyosis in TTD. These findings provide a new drug discovery target for TTD.
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Dates and versions

inserm-03054231 , version 1 (11-12-2020)

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Satoru Hashimoto, Hiroki Takanari, Emmanuel Compe, Jean-Marc Egly. Dysregulation of LXR responsive genes contribute to ichthyosis in trichothiodystrophy. Journal of Dermatological Science, 2020, 97 (3), pp.201-207. ⟨10.1016/j.jdermsci.2020.01.012⟩. ⟨inserm-03054231⟩
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