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Silanization of Chitosan and Hydrogel Preparation for Skeletal Tissue Engineering

Abstract : Tissue engineering is a multidisciplinary field that relies on the development of customized biomaterial to support cell growth, differentiation and matrix production. Toward that goal, we designed the grafting of silane groups onto the chitosan backbone (Si-chito) for the preparation of in situ setting hydrogels in association with silanized hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (Si-HPMC). Once functionalized, the chitosan was characterized, and the presence of silane groups and its ability to gel were demonstrated by rheology that strongly suggests the presence of silane groups. Throughout physicochemical investigations, the Si-HPMC hydrogels containing Si-chito were found to be stiffer with an injection force unmodified. The presence of chitosan within the hydrogel has demonstrated a higher adhesion of the hydrogel onto the surface of tissues. The results of cell viability assays indicated that there was no cytotoxicity of Si-chito hydrogels in 2D and 3D culture of human SW1353 cells and human adipose stromal cells, respectively. Moreover, Si-chito allows the transplantation of human nasal chondrocytes in the subcutis of nude mice while maintaining their viability and extracellular matrix secretory activity. To conclude, Si-chito mixed with Si-HPMC is an injectable, self-setting and cytocompatible hydrogel able to support the in vitro and in vivo viability and activity of hASC.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03046724
Contributor : Valérie Pecqueret <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 8, 2020 - 3:20:09 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 16, 2021 - 11:56:56 AM

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Gildas Réthoré, Cécile Boyer, Kouakou Kouadio, Amadou Toure, Julie Lesoeur, et al.. Silanization of Chitosan and Hydrogel Preparation for Skeletal Tissue Engineering. Polymers, MDPI, 2020, 12 (12), pp.2823. ⟨10.3390/polym12122823⟩. ⟨inserm-03046724⟩

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