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Influence of mealtime habits on the risk of weight gain and obesity in Mexican adults

Abstract : Objective: To prospectively examine the extent to which mealtime habits influences the risk of weight gain and obesity in Mexican adults. Design: We performed a prospective cohort study. The Mealtime Habits Quality (MHQ) scale was used for assessing participants' MHQ; the outcomes of interest were gain ≥5 % of body weight, developing overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity, after 7 years of follow-up. In order to estimate the independent effect of MHQ on anthropometric indicators, generalized linear models were computed to obtain adjusted relative risks (95 % CI). Setting: The state of Morelos, Mexico. Subjects: Mexican adults (n 837) aged 18-70 years participating in a cohort study. Results: Compared with participants classified in the higher MHQ category, individuals in the middle and lower MHQ groups had a 4·1 (2·5, 6·7) and 6·2 (3·9, 9·7) fold greater risk of gain ≥5 % of body weight, respectively; 6·6 (2·8, 15·5) and 8·6 (3·7, 19·8) fold greater risk of becoming overweight/obese, respectively; and 3·8 (2·0, 7·3) and 5·3 (2·8, 9·8) fold greater risk of developing abdominal obesity, respectively. Conclusions: This study provides evidence about the influence of a set of mealtime habits on obesity indicators, showing that greater adherence to unadvisable mealtime habits increases the risk of developing unhealthy anthropometric indicators. Since the meal is one of the most important sources of food intake, and consequently weight status, the MHQ scale can be a useful population tool to predict weight gain and obesity.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03027167
Contributor : Christine Dupuis <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 27, 2020 - 9:03:36 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 23, 2020 - 9:42:26 AM

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Libia Darina Dosamantes-Carrasco, Pablo Méndez-Hernández, Yvonne Flores, Carole Siani, Edgar Denova-Gutiérrez, et al.. Influence of mealtime habits on the risk of weight gain and obesity in Mexican adults. Public Health Nutrition, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2017, 20 (2), pp.220-232. ⟨10.1017/S1368980016002184⟩. ⟨inserm-03027167⟩

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