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The Hippo Kinase LATS2 Controls Helicobacter pylori-Induced Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition and Intestinal Metaplasia in Gastric Mucosa

Abstract : Background & aims: Gastric carcinoma is related mostly to CagA+-Helicobacter pylori infection, which disrupts the gastric mucosa turnover and elicits an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and preneoplastic transdifferentiation. The tumor suppressor Hippo pathway controls stem cell homeostasis; its core, constituted by the large tumor suppressor 2 (LATS2) kinase and its substrate Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1), was investigated in this context. Methods: Hippo, EMT, and intestinal metaplasia marker expression were investigated by transcriptomic and immunostaining analyses in human gastric AGS and MKN74 and nongastric immortalized RPE1 and HMLE epithelial cell lines challenged by H pylori, and on gastric tissues of infected patients and mice. LATS2 and YAP1 were silenced using small interfering RNAs. A transcriptional enhanced associated domain (TEAD) reporter assay was used. Cell proliferation and invasion were evaluated. Results: LATS2 and YAP1 appear co-overexpressed in the infected mucosa, especially in gastritis and intestinal metaplasia. H pylori via CagA stimulates LATS2 and YAP1 in a coordinated biphasic pattern, characterized by an early transient YAP1 nuclear accumulation and stimulated YAP1/TEAD transcription, followed by nuclear LATS2 up-regulation leading to YAP1 phosphorylation and targeting for degradation. LATS2 and YAP1 reciprocally positively regulate each other's expression. Loss-of-function experiments showed that LATS2 restricts H pylori-induced EMT marker expression, invasion, and intestinal metaplasia, supporting a role of LATS2 in maintaining the epithelial phenotype of gastric cells and constraining H pylori-induced preneoplastic changes. Conclusions: H pylori infection engages a number of signaling cascades that alienate mucosa homeostasis, including the Hippo LATS2/YAP1/TEAD pathway. In the host-pathogen conflict, which generates an inflammatory environment and perturbations of the epithelial turnover and differentiation, Hippo signaling appears as a protective pathway, limiting the loss of gastric epithelial cell identity that precedes gastric carcinoma development.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 13, 2020 - 6:16:50 PM
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Silvia Elena Molina-Castro, Camille Tiffon, Julie Giraud, Hélène Boeuf, Elodie Sifre, et al.. The Hippo Kinase LATS2 Controls Helicobacter pylori-Induced Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition and Intestinal Metaplasia in Gastric Mucosa. Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Philadelphia, PA : American Gastroenterological Association, [2015]-, 2020, 9 (2), pp.257-276. ⟨10.1016/j.jcmgh.2019.10.007⟩. ⟨inserm-03004849⟩



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