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Discordant evolution of mitochondrial and nuclear yeast genomes at population level

Abstract : Background: Mitochondria are essential organelles partially regulated by their own genomes. The mitochondrial genome maintenance and inheritance differ from the nuclear genome, potentially uncoupling their evolutionary trajectories. Here, we analysed mitochondrial sequences obtained from the 1011 Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain collection and identified pronounced differences with their nuclear genome counterparts. Results: In contrast with pre-whole genome duplication fungal species, S. cerevisiae mitochondrial genomes show higher genetic diversity compared to the nuclear genomes. Strikingly, mitochondrial genomes appear to be highly admixed, resulting in a complex interconnected phylogeny with a weak grouping of isolates, whereas interspecies introgressions are very rare. Complete genome assemblies revealed that structural rearrangements are nearly absent with rare inversions detected. We tracked intron variation in COX1 and COB to infer gain and loss events throughout the species evolutionary history. Mitochondrial genome copy number is connected with the nuclear genome and linearly scale up with ploidy. We observed rare cases of naturally occurring mitochondrial DNA loss, petite, with a subset of them that do not suffer the expected growth defect in fermentable rich media. Conclusions: Overall, our results illustrate how differences in the biology of two genomes coexisting in the same cells can lead to discordant evolutionary histories.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 19, 2020 - 3:21:59 PM
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Matteo de Chiara, Anne Friedrich, Benjamin Barré, Michael Breitenbach, Joseph Schacherer, et al.. Discordant evolution of mitochondrial and nuclear yeast genomes at population level. BMC Biology, BioMed Central, 2020, 18 (1), pp.49. ⟨10.1186/s12915-020-00786-4⟩. ⟨inserm-02971513⟩



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