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The GM-CSF released by airway epithelial cells orchestrates the mucosal adjuvant activity of flagellin

Abstract : The TLR5 agonist flagellin is a potent adjuvant and is currently being developed for use in vaccines. The mechanisms that drive flagellin's activity are influenced by its administration route. Previous studies showed that lung structural cells (especially epithelial cells lining the conducting airways) are pivotal for the efficacy of intranasally administered flagellin-containing vaccines. In this study, we looked at how the airway epithelial cells (AECs) regulate the flagellin-dependent stimulation of Ag-specific CD4+ T cells and the Ab response in mice. Our results demonstrate that after sensing flagellin, AECs trigger the release of GM-CSF in a TLR5-dependent fashion and the doubling of the number of activated type 2 conventional dendritic cells (cDC2s) in draining lymph nodes. Furthermore, the neutralization of GM-CSF reduced cDC2s activation. This resulted in lower of Ag-specific CD4+ T cell count and Ab titers in mice. Our data indicate that during pulmonary immunization, the GM-CSF released by AECs orchestrates the cross-talk between cDC2s and CD4+ T cells and thus drives flagellin's adjuvant effect.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-02957765
Contributor : Jean-Claude Sirard Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, October 5, 2020 - 1:40:52 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 4:35:52 AM

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Aneesh Vijayan, Laurye van Maele, Delphine Fougeron, Delphine Cayet, Jean Claude Sirard. The GM-CSF released by airway epithelial cells orchestrates the mucosal adjuvant activity of flagellin. Journal of Immunology, Publisher : Baltimore : Williams & Wilkins, c1950-. Latest Publisher : Bethesda, MD : American Association of Immunologists, 2020, pp.ji2000746. ⟨inserm-02957765⟩

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