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Regulatory T Cell Stability and Migration Are Dependent on mTOR

Abstract : CD4+ Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Treg) are essential to maintain immune tolerance, as their loss leads to a fatal autoimmune syndrome in mice and humans. Conflicting findings have been reported concerning their metabolism. Some reports found that Treg have low mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) activity and would be less dependent on this kinase compared with conventional T cells, whereas other reports suggest quite the opposite. In this study, we revisited this question by using mice that have a specific deletion of mTOR in Treg. These mice spontaneously develop a severe and systemic inflammation. We show that mTOR expression by Treg is critical for their differentiation into effector Treg and their migration into nonlymphoid tissues. We also reveal that mTOR-deficient Treg have reduced stability. This loss of Foxp3 expression is associated with partial Foxp3 DNA remethylation, which may be due to an increased activity of the glutaminolysis pathway. Thus, our work shows that mTOR is crucial for Treg differentiation, migration, and identity and that drugs targeting this metabolism pathway will impact on their biology.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 23, 2020 - 9:05:58 AM
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Romain Vallion, Jordane Divoux, Salomé Glauzy, Emilie Ronin, Yannis Lombardi, et al.. Regulatory T Cell Stability and Migration Are Dependent on mTOR. Journal of Immunology, Publisher : Baltimore : Williams & Wilkins, c1950-. Latest Publisher : Bethesda, MD : American Association of Immunologists, 2020, 205 (7), pp.1799-1809. ⟨10.4049/jimmunol.1901480⟩. ⟨inserm-02946304⟩

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