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Should a Multigene Signature be Used in all Luminal Early Breast Cancers

Abstract : Background: Multigene signatures refine the risk of recurrence and guide adjuvant chemotherapy decision in luminal breast cancers. The decision to perform the assay is highly variable among oncologists. In order to guide the appropriate clinical group in whom to perform a genomic signature, our study analyzed in a homogeneous cohort which clinical risk groups triggered the use of the PAM50-based signature and their concordance with the genomic risk. Methods: A real life cohort of 222 early breast cancer patients with hormone receptor positive and HER2 negative disease had a commercial PAM50-based assay (Prosigna®) performed at our institution. The assay provided the risk group, the 10-year risk of distant recurrence and the intrinsic molecular subtype of breast cancer. Results: Based on nodal involvement, Ki67, tumor grade, mitotic index, and tumor size, no clinical pattern could identify a specific genomic risk group. The discordance with the genomic risk was high in patients with clinical low risk tumors, both in node negative and node positive patients. Up to 60% of them had a 10% or more risk of distant recurrence. Moreover, we identified a subgroup of luminal A tumors with a high genomic risk of recurrence. Genomic risk and intrinsic subtype were strong determinants of chemotherapy decision. Conclusions: Clinical profiles could not reliably identify genomic risk groups and guide the decision to use a multigene signature. Significant discordance with the genomic risk was observed within low clinical risk and luminal A tumors.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-02941534
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 17, 2020 - 10:15:24 AM
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Nawale Hajjaji, Yves Marie Robin, Jacques Bonneterre. Should a Multigene Signature be Used in all Luminal Early Breast Cancers. Frontiers in Oncology, Frontiers, 2019, 9, pp.454. ⟨10.3389/fonc.2019.00454⟩. ⟨inserm-02941534⟩

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