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X-ray Zernike phase contrast tomography: 3D ROI visualization of mm-sized mice organ tissues down to sub-cellular components

Abstract : Thanks to its non-invasive nature, X-ray phase contrast tomography is a very versatile imaging tool for biomedical studies. In contrast, histology is a well-established method, though having its limitations: it requires extensive sample preparation and it is quite time consuming. Therefore, the development of nano-imaging techniques for studying anatomic details at the cellular level is gaining more and more importance. In this article, full field transmission X-ray nanotomography is used in combination with Zernike phase contrast to image millimeter sized unstained tissue samples at high spatial resolution. The regions of interest (ROI) scans of different tissues were obtained from mouse kidney, spleen and mammalian carcinoma. Thanks to the relatively large field of view and effective pixel sizes down to 36 nm, this 3D approach enabled the visualization of the specific morphology of each tissue type without staining or complex sample preparation. As a proof of concept technique, we show that the high-quality images even permitted the 3D segmentation of multiple structures down to a sub-cellular level. Using stitching techniques, volumes larger than the field of view are accessible. This method can lead to a deeper understanding of the organs' nano-anatomy, filling the resolution gap between histology and transmission electron microscopy.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-02941422
Contributor : Lucie Sancey <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 17, 2020 - 9:28:21 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 24, 2020 - 4:00:18 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, December 5, 2020 - 12:53:50 AM

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E. Longo, L. Sancey, S. Flenner, A. Kubec, A. Bonnin, et al.. X-ray Zernike phase contrast tomography: 3D ROI visualization of mm-sized mice organ tissues down to sub-cellular components. Biomedical optics express, Optical Society of America - OSA Publishing, 2020, 11 (10), pp.5506. ⟨10.1364/BOE.396695⟩. ⟨inserm-02941422⟩

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