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High-field intraoperative MRI in glioma surgery: A prospective study with volumetric analysis of extent of resection and functional outcome

Abstract : Background: High-field intraoperative MRI (IoMRI) is a useful tool to improve the extent of glioma resection (EOR). Objective: To compare the interest of 1.5T IoMRI in glioma surgery between enhancing and non-enhancing tumors, based on volumetric analysis. Methods: A prospective single-center study included consecutive adult patients undergoing glioma surgery with IoMRI. Volumetric evaluation was based on FLAIR hypersignal after gadolinium injection in non-enhancing tumors and T1 hypersignal after gadolinium injection in enhancing tumors. Endpoints comprised: residual tumor volume (RTV), EOR, workflow and clinical outcome on Karnofsky performance score (KPS). Results: Fifty-three surgeries were performed from July 2014 to January 2016. Thirty-four patients underwent one IoMRI, and 19 two IoMRIs. In non-enhancing tumors, intraoperative RTV on 1st IoMRI T2/FLAIR was higher than in enhancing tumors on T1 sequences (7.25cm3 vs. 0.74cm3, respectively; P=0.008), whereas the RTV on 2nd IoMRIs and final RTV were no longer significantly different. After IoMRI, 72% of patients underwent additional resection. In non-enhancing tumors, EOR increased from 77.3% on 1st IoMRI to 97.4% on last MRI (P<0.001). Taking all tumors together, final RTV values were: median=0cm3, mean=3.9cm3. Mean final EOR was 94%. In 25% of patients, KPS was reduced during early postoperative course; at 3 and 6 months postoperatively, median KPS was 90. Conclusion: Intraoperative MRI guidance significantly enhanced the extent of glioma resection, especially for non- or minimally enhancing tumors, while preserving patient autonomy.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-02940701
Contributor : Michel Salzet Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 16, 2020 - 2:43:27 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 3, 2020 - 3:54:06 PM

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H.-A. Leroy, C. Delmaire, Emilie Le Rhun, E. Drumez, J.-P. Lejeune, et al.. High-field intraoperative MRI in glioma surgery: A prospective study with volumetric analysis of extent of resection and functional outcome. Neurochirurgie, Elsevier Masson, 2018, 64 (3), pp.155-160. ⟨10.1016/j.neuchi.2018.02.003⟩. ⟨inserm-02940701⟩

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