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Substrate-Mediated Laser Ablation under Ambient Conditions for Spatially-Resolved Tissue Proteomics

Abstract : Numerous applications of ambient Mass Spectrometry (MS) have been demonstrated over the past decade. They promoted the emergence of various micro-sampling techniques such as Laser Ablation/Droplet Capture (LADC). LADC consists in the ablation of analytes from a surface and their subsequent capture in a solvent droplet which can then be analyzed by MS. LADC is thus generally performed in the UV or IR range, using a wavelength at which analytes or the matrix absorb. In this work, we explore the potential of visible range LADC (532 nm) as a micro-sampling technology for large-scale proteomics analyses. We demonstrate that biomolecule analyses using 532 nm LADC are possible, despite the low absorbance of biomolecules at this wavelength. This is due to the preponderance of an indirect substrate-mediated ablation mechanism at low laser energy which contrasts with the conventional direct ablation driven by sample absorption. Using our custom LADC system and taking advantage of this substrate-mediated ablation mechanism, we were able to perform large-scale proteomic analyses of micro-sampled tissue sections and demonstrated the possible identification of proteins with relevant biological functions. Consequently, the 532 nm LADC technique offers a new tool for biological and clinical applications.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-02940254
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Benoit Fatou, Maxence Wisztorski, Cristian Focsa, Michel Salzet, Michael Ziskind, et al.. Substrate-Mediated Laser Ablation under Ambient Conditions for Spatially-Resolved Tissue Proteomics. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2015, 5, pp.18135. ⟨10.1038/srep18135⟩. ⟨inserm-02940254⟩

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