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Journal Articles Magnetic Resonance in Medicine Year : 2021

Quantitative perfusion mapping with induced transient hypoxia using BOLD MRI

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Abstract

Purpose: Gadolinium-based dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) is commonly used to characterize blood flow in patients with stroke and brain tumors. Unfortunately, gadolinium contrast administration has been associated with adverse reactions and long-term accumulation in tissues. In this work, we propose an alternative deoxygenation-based DSC (dDSC) method that uses a transient hypoxia gas paradigm to deliver a bolus of paramagnetic deoxygenated hemoglobin to the cerebral vasculature for perfusion imaging.Methods: Through traditional DSC tracer kinetic modeling, the MR signal change induced by this hypoxic bolus can be used to generate regional perfusion maps of cerebral blood flow, cerebral blood volume, and mean transit time. This gas paradigm and blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD)-MRI were performed concurrently on a cohort of 66 healthy and chronically anemic subjects (age 23.5 ± 9.7, female 64%).Results: Our results showed reasonable global and regional agreement between dDSC and other flow techniques, such as phase contrast and arterial spin labeling.Conclusion: In this proof-of-concept study, we demonstrated the feasibility of using transient hypoxia to generate a contrast bolus that mimics the effect of gadolinium and yields reasonable perfusion estimates. Looking forward, optimization of the hypoxia boluses and measurement of the arterial-input function is necessary to improve the accuracy of dDSC. Additionally, a cross-validation study of dDSC and DSC in brain tumor and ischemic stroke subjects is warranted to evaluate the clinical diagnostic utility of this approach.
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Dates and versions

inserm-02913689 , version 1 (14-12-2020)

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Chau Vu, Yaqiong Chai, Julie Coloigner, Aart J Nederveen, Matthew Borzage, et al.. Quantitative perfusion mapping with induced transient hypoxia using BOLD MRI. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 2021, 85 (1), pp.168-181. ⟨10.1002/mrm.28422⟩. ⟨inserm-02913689⟩
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