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Chronic circadian disruption modulates breast cancer stemness and immune microenvironment to drive metastasis in mice

Abstract : Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer worldwide and one of the major causes of cancer death in women. Epidemiological studies have established a link between night-shift work and increased cancer risk, suggesting that circadian disruption may play a role in carcinogenesis. Here, we aim to shed light on the effect of chronic jetlag (JL) on mammary tumour development. To do this, we use a mouse model of spontaneous mammary tumourigenesis and subject it to chronic circadian disruption. We observe that circadian disruption significantly increases cancer-cell dissemination and lung metastasis. It also enhances the stemness and tumour-initiating potential of tumour cells and creates an immunosuppressive shift in the tumour microenvironment. Finally, our results suggest that the use of a CXCR2 inhibitor could correct the effect of JL on cancer-cell dissemination and metastasis. Altogether, our data provide a conceptual framework to better understand and manage the effects of chronic circadian disruption on breast cancer progression.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-02907177
Contributor : Myriam Bodescot <>
Submitted on : Monday, July 27, 2020 - 12:09:34 PM
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Eva Hadadi, William Taylor, Xiao-Mei Li, Yetki Aslan, Marthe Villote, et al.. Chronic circadian disruption modulates breast cancer stemness and immune microenvironment to drive metastasis in mice. Nature Communications, Nature Publishing Group, 2020, 11 (1), pp.3193. ⟨10.1038/s41467-020-16890-6⟩. ⟨inserm-02907177⟩

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