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Correction of Fatty Acid Oxidation in Carnitine Palmitoyl Transferase 2-Deficient Cultured Skin Fibroblasts by Bezafibrate

Abstract : Carnitine palmitoyltransferase 2 (CPTII) deficiency is among the most common inborn errors of mitochondrial fatty acid ␤-oxidation (FAO). Clinical phenotype varies in relation to the metabolic block, as assessed by studies of FAO in patient fibroblasts. Thus, fibroblasts from patients with mild manifestations have appreciable residual CPTII enzyme activity, in contrast to those from severely affected patients. In the present study, we hypothesized that the hypolipidemic drug bezafibrate, acting as an activator of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ␣ might stimulate FAO in CPTII-deficient cells. Data obtained show that bezafibrate treatment of mild-type CPTII-deficient cells resulted in a time-and dose-dependant increase in CPTII mRNA (from ϩ47% to ϩ66%) and residual enzyme activity (from ϩ54% to 135%), and led to normalization of 3 H-palmitate and 3 H-myristate cellular oxidation rates. Bezafibrate did not correct FAO in fibroblasts from patients with severe phenotype. This study establishes for the first time that peroxisome prolif-erator-activated receptor activators, acting via stimulation of gene expression, can stimulate CPTII residual activity to a level sufficient to allow normal FAO flux in deficient human fibro-blasts, and suggests that this approach should be tested in other inborn errors of mitochondrial ␤-oxidation. (Pediatr Res 54: 446-451, 2003)
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Fatima Djouadi, Jean-Paul Bonnefont, Laure Thuillier, Véronique Droin, Noman Khadom, et al.. Correction of Fatty Acid Oxidation in Carnitine Palmitoyl Transferase 2-Deficient Cultured Skin Fibroblasts by Bezafibrate. Pediatric Research, Nature Publishing Group, 2003, 54 (4), pp.446-451. ⟨10.1203/01.PDR.0000083001.91588.BB⟩. ⟨inserm-02896299⟩

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