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Monitoring the molecular composition of live cells exposed to electric pulses via label-free optical methods

Abstract : The permeabilization of the live cells membrane by the delivery of electric pulses has fundamental interest in medicine, in particular in tumors treatment by electrochemotherapy. Since underlying mechanisms are still not fully understood, we studied the impact of electric pulses on the biochemical composition of live cells thanks to label-free optical methods: confocal Raman microspectroscopy and terahertz microscopy. A dose effect was observed after cells exposure to different field intensities and a major impact on cell peptide/protein content was found. Raman measurements reveal that protein structure and/or environment are modified by the electric pulses while terahertz measurements suggest a leakage of proteins and other intracellular compounds. We show that Raman and terahertz modalities are a particularly attractive complement to fluorescence microscopy which is the reference optical technique in the case of electropermeabilization. Finally, we propose an analytical model for the influx and efflux of non-permeant molecules through transiently (electro)permeabilized cell membranes.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-02890273
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Submitted on : Monday, July 6, 2020 - 11:19:17 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 16, 2020 - 5:52:12 PM

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Antoine Azan, Marianne Grognot, Tomás García Sánchez, Lucie Descamps, Valérie Untereiner, et al.. Monitoring the molecular composition of live cells exposed to electric pulses via label-free optical methods. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2020, 10 (1), pp.10471. ⟨10.1038/s41598-020-67402-x⟩. ⟨inserm-02890273⟩

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