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Journal Articles L'Encéphale Year : 2020

Psychopathological Consequences of Confinement

Conséquences psychopathologiques du confinement

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Renaud Jardri

Abstract

The psychological effects of isolation have already been described in the literature (polar expeditions, submarines, prison). Nevertheless, the scale of confinement implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic is unprecedented. In addition to reviewing the published studies, we need to anticipate the psychological problems that could arise during or at a distance from confinement. We have gone beyond the COVID-19 literature in order to examine the implications of the known consequences of confinement, like boredom, social isolation, stress, or sleep deprivation. Anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, suicidal or addictive behaviours, domestic violence are described effects of confinement, but the mechanisms of emergence of these disorders and their interrelationships remain to be studied. For example, what are the mechanisms of emergence of post-traumatic stress disorders in the context of confinement? We also remind the reader of points of vigilance to be kept in mind with regard to eating disorders and hallucinations. Hallucinations are curiously ignored in the literature on confinement, whereas a vast literature links social isolation and hallucinations. Due to the broad psychopathological consequences, we have to look for these various symptoms to manage them. We quickly summarize the diagnostic and therapeutic approaches already in place, such as telemedicine, which is undergoing rapid development during the COVID-19 crisis.
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inserm-02881434 , version 1 (25-06-2020)

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Amaury Mengin, M.C. Allé, Julie Rolling, Fabienne Ligier, C. Schröder, et al.. Conséquences psychopathologiques du confinement. L'Encéphale, 2020, 46 (3S), pp.S43-S52. ⟨10.1016/j.encep.2020.04.007⟩. ⟨inserm-02881434⟩
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