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A transnosographic approach of negative symptoms pathophysiology in schizophrenia and depressive disorders

Abstract : Background: Negative Symptoms (blunted affect, alogia, anhedonia, avolition and asociality) are observed in schizophrenia but also in depressive disorders. Objective: To gather cognitive, neuroanatomical, neurofunctional and neurobiological knowledge of negative symptoms in studies on schizophrenia, depressive disorder, and transnosographic studies. Results: Blunted affect in schizophrenia is characterized by amygdala hyperactivation and frontal hypoacti-vation, also found in depressive disorder. Mirror neurons, may be related to blunted affect in schizophrenia. Alogia may be related to cognitive dysfunction and basal ganglia area impairments in schizophrenia. Data surrounding alogia in depressive disorder is scarce; wider speech deficits are often studied instead. Consummatory Anhedonia may be less affected than Anticipatory Anhedonia in schizophrenia. Anhedonia is associated with reward impairments and altered striatal functions in both diagnostics. Amotivation is associated with Corticostriatal Hypoactivation in both disorders. Anhedonia and amotivation are transnosographically associated with dopamine dysregulation. Asociality may be related to oxytocin. Conclusion: Pathophysiological hypotheses are specific to each dimension of negative symptoms and overlap across diagnostic boundaries, possibly underpinning the observed clinical continuum.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 25, 2020 - 4:11:22 PM
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Sélim Benjamin Guessoum, Yann Le Strat, Caroline Dubertret, Jasmina Mallet. A transnosographic approach of negative symptoms pathophysiology in schizophrenia and depressive disorders. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, Elsevier, 2020, 99, pp.109862. ⟨10.1016/j.pnpbp.2020.109862⟩. ⟨inserm-02881383⟩

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