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Controlled release of biological factors for endogenous progenitor cell migration and intervertebral disc extracellular matrix remodelling

Abstract : The recent description of resident stem/progenitor cells in degenerated intervertebral discs (IVDs) supports the notion that their regenerative capacities could be harnessed to stimulate endogenous repair of the nucleus pulposus (NP). In this study, we developed a delivery system based on pullulan microbeads (PMBs) for sequential release of the chemokine CCL-5 to recruit these disc stem/progenitor cells to the NP tissue, followed by the release of the growth factors TGF-β1 and GDF-5 to induce the synthesis of a collagen type II- and aggrecan-rich extracellular matrix (ECM). Bioactivity of released CCL5 on human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs), selected to mimic disc stem/progenitors, was demonstrated using a Transwell® chemotaxis assay. The regenerative effects of loaded PMBs were investigated in ex vivo spontaneously degenerated ovine IVDs. Fluorescent hASCs were seeded on the top cartilaginous endplates (CEPs); the degenerated NPs were injected with PMBs loaded with CCL5, TGF-β1, and GDF-5; and the IVDs were then cultured for 3, 7, and 28 days to allow for cell migration and disc regeneration. The PMBs exhibited sustained release of biological factors for 21 days. Ex vivo migration of seeded hASCs from the CEP toward the NP was demonstrated, with the cells migrating a significantly greater distance when loaded PMBs were injected (5.8 ± 1.3 mm vs. 3.5 ± 1.8 mm with no injection of PMBs). In ovine IVDs, the overall NP cellularity, the collagen type II and the aggrecan staining intensities, and the Tie2+ progenitor cell density in the NP were increased at day 28 compared to the control groups. Considered together, PMBs loaded with CCL5/TGF-β1/GDF-5 constitute an innovative and promising strategy for controlled release of growth factors to promote cell recruitment and extracellular matrix remodelling.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 8:28:48 AM
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Leslie Frapin, Johann Clouet, Claire Chédeville, Constantin Moraru, Edouard Samarut, et al.. Controlled release of biological factors for endogenous progenitor cell migration and intervertebral disc extracellular matrix remodelling. Biomaterials, Elsevier, 2020, 253, pp.120107. ⟨10.1016/j.biomaterials.2020.120107⟩. ⟨inserm-02626013⟩



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