The endoplasmic reticulum stress-autophagy pathway controls hypothalamic development and energy balance regulation in leptin-deficient neonates - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Nature Communications Year : 2020

The endoplasmic reticulum stress-autophagy pathway controls hypothalamic development and energy balance regulation in leptin-deficient neonates

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Abstract

Obesity is associated with the activation of cellular responses, such as endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Here, we show that leptin-deficient ob/ob mice display elevated hypothalamic ER stress as early as postnatal day 10, i.e., prior to the development of obesity in this mouse model. Neonatal treatment of ob/ob mice with the ER stress-relieving drug tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) causes long-term amelioration of body weight, food intake, glucose homeostasis, and pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) projections. Cells exposed to ER stress often activate autophagy. Accordingly, we report that in vitro induction of ER stress and neonatal leptin deficiency in vivo activate hypothalamic autophagy-related genes. Furthermore, genetic deletion of autophagy in pro-opiomelanocortin neurons of ob/ob mice worsens their glucose homeostasis, adiposity, hyperphagia, and POMC neuronal projections, all of which are ameliorated with neonatal TUDCA treatment. Together, our data highlight the importance of early life ER stress-autophagy pathway in influencing hypothalamic circuits and metabolic regulation.
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inserm-02613529 , version 1 (20-05-2020)

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Soyoung Park, Aleek Aintablian, Berengere Coupe, Sébastien G Bouret. The endoplasmic reticulum stress-autophagy pathway controls hypothalamic development and energy balance regulation in leptin-deficient neonates. Nature Communications, 2020, 11 (1), pp.1914. ⟨10.1038/s41467-020-15624-y⟩. ⟨inserm-02613529⟩

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