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Relationships between brain perfusion and early recanalization after intravenous thrombolysis for acute stroke with large vessel occlusion

Abstract : In large vessel occlusion (LVO) stroke, it is unclear whether severity of ischemia is involved in early post-thrombolysis recanalization over and above thrombus site and length. Here we assessed the relationships between perfusion parameters and early recanalization following intravenous thrombolysis administration in LVO patients. From a multicenter registry, we identified 218 thrombolysed LVO patients referred for thrombectomy with both (i) pre-thrombolysis MRI, including diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), T2*-imaging, MR-angiography and dynamic susceptibility-contrast perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI); and (ii) evaluation of recanalization on first angiographic run or non-invasive imaging 3 h from thrombolysis start. Infarct core volume on DWI, PWI-DWI mismatch volume and hypoperfusion intensity ratio (HIR; defined as Tmax ! 10 s volume/ Tmax ! 6 s volume, low HIR indicating milder hypoperfusion) were determined using a commercially available software. Early recanalization occurred in 34 (16%) patients, and multivariable analysis was associated with lower HIR (P ¼ 0.006), shorter thrombus on T2*-imaging (P < 0.001) and more distal occlusion (P ¼ 0.006). However, the relationship between HIR and early recanalization was robust only for thrombus length <14 mm. In summary, the present study disclosed an association between lower HIR and early post-thrombolysis recanalization. Early post-thrombolysis recanalization is therefore determined not only by thrombus site and length but also by severity of ischemia.
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Contributor : Clara Martinez Rico <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 12, 2020 - 2:00:47 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:04:35 AM

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Pierre Seners, Guillaume Turc, Stéphanie Lion, Jean-Philippe Cottier, Tae-Hee Cho, et al.. Relationships between brain perfusion and early recanalization after intravenous thrombolysis for acute stroke with large vessel occlusion. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, Nature Publishing Group, 2020, 40 (3), pp.667-677. ⟨10.1177/0271678X19836288⟩. ⟨inserm-02570852⟩

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