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Familial pulmonary arterial hypertension by KDR heterozygous loss of function

Abstract : Beyond the major gene BMPR2, several new genes predisposing to PAH have been identified during the last decade. Recently, preliminary evidence of the involvement of the KDR gene was found in a large genetic association study.We prospectively analysed the KDR gene by targeted panel sequencing in a series of 311 PAH patients referred to a clinical molecular laboratory for genetic diagnosis of PAH.Two index cases with severe PAH from two different families were found to carry a loss-of-function mutation in the KDR gene. These two index cases were clinically characterised by low diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide adjusted for haemoglobin (D LCOc) and interstitial lung disease. In one family, segregation analysis revealed that variant carriers are either presenting with PAH associated with low D LCOc, or have only decreased D LCOc, whereas non-carrier relatives have normal D LCOc. In the second family, a single affected carrier was alive. His carrier mother was unaffected with normal D LCOc.We provided genetic evidence for considering KDR as a newly identified PAH-causing gene by describing the segregation of KDR mutations with PAH in two families. In our study, KDR mutations are associated with a particular form of PAH characterised by low D LCOc and radiological evidence of parenchymal lung disease including interstitial lung disease and emphysema.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 7, 2020 - 11:59:06 AM
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Mélanie Eyries, David Montani, Barbara Girerd, Nicolas Favrolt, Marianne Riou, et al.. Familial pulmonary arterial hypertension by KDR heterozygous loss of function. European Respiratory Journal, European Respiratory Society, 2020, 55 (4), pp.1902165. ⟨10.1183/13993003.02165-2019⟩. ⟨inserm-02566736⟩

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