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Food antigens and Transglutaminase 2 in IgA nephropathy: Molecular links between gut and kidney

Abstract : The transglutaminase 2 (TG2) is one of the enigmatic enzymes with important functional diversity. It plays an important role in several pathologies such as celiac disease (CD). In patients with active CD, the abnormal retrotranscytosis of IgA/gliadin complexes is mediated by Transferrin Receptor 1 (TfR1). This triad association takes also place in IgA nephropathy (IgA-N). IgA-N is characterized by the formation of nephrotoxic complexes of IgA1 and soluble CD89 (sCD89). These complexes are abnormally deposited in the kidney. Using a humanized mouse model of IgA-N (α1KI-CD89Tg), we showed that IgA1-sCD89 complexes engender mesangial cell activation and proliferation with TfR1 and TG2 up-regulation, associated with IgA-N features. This TG2-TfR1 interaction enhances mesangial IgA1 deposition promoting inflammation. Humanized α1KI-CD89Tg mice deficient for TG2 show a decrease in TfR1 expression in kidney leading to reduced IgA1-sCD89 deposits and an improvement in IgA-N features. Moreover, TG2 is active and overexpressed in the intestine of IgA-N mice and gliadin participates to this renal pathology. In kidney as in intestine, the TG2 has a crucial role in the cooperation between TfR1-IgA and a central role in the pathogenic amplification.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 21, 2020 - 8:59:51 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 12, 2022 - 8:04:02 AM

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Lilia Abbad, Renato Monteiro, Laureline Berthelot. Food antigens and Transglutaminase 2 in IgA nephropathy: Molecular links between gut and kidney. Molecular Immunology, Elsevier, 2020, 121, pp.1-6. ⟨10.1016/j.molimm.2020.02.019⟩. ⟨inserm-02548891⟩



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