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Blocked O-GlcnAc cycling disrupts mouse hematopoeitic stem cell maintenance and early t cell development

Abstract : Small numbers of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) balance self-renewal and differentiation to produce the diversity and abundance of cell types that make up the blood system. How nutrients are recruited to support this massive differentiation and proliferation process remains largely unknown. The unique metabolism of adult HSCs, which rely on glycolysis and glutaminolysis, suggests a potential role for the post-translational modification O-GlcNAc as a critical nutrient signal in these cells. Glutamine, glucose, and other metabolites drive the hexosamine biosynthetic pathway (HBP) ultimately leading to the O-GlcNAc modification of critical intracellular targets. Here, we used a conditional targeted genetic deletion of the enzyme that removes O-GlcNAc, O-GlcNAcase (OGA), to determine the consequences of blocked O-GlcNAc cycling on HSCs. Oga deletion in mouse HSCs resulted in greatly diminished progenitor pools, impaired stem cell self-renewal and nearly complete loss of competitive repopulation capacity. Further, early T cell specification was particularly sensitive to Oga deletion. Loss of Oga resulted in a doubling of apoptotic cells within the bone marrow and transcriptional deregulation of key genes involved in adult stem cell maintenance and lineage specification. These findings suggest that OGlcNAc cycling plays a critical role in supporting HSC homeostasis and early thymocyte development.
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Lara Abramowitz, Chrystelle Harly, Arundhoti Das, Avinash Bhandoola, John Hanover. Blocked O-GlcnAc cycling disrupts mouse hematopoeitic stem cell maintenance and early t cell development. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2019, ⟨10.1038/s41598-019-48991-8⟩. ⟨inserm-02541573⟩

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