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Origins of Alterations to Rankl Null Mutant Mouse Dental Root Development

Abstract : The purpose of the present study was to assess the early stages of development of mouse first molar roots in the osteopetrotic context of RANKL invalidation in order to demonstrate that the radicular phenotype observed resulted not only from defective osteoclasts, but also from loss of cell-to-cell communication among dental, periodontium and alveolar bone cells involving RANKL signaling. Two experimental models were used in this study: Rankl mutants with permanent RANKL invalidation, and C57BL/6J mice injected during the first postnatal week with a RANKL neutralizing antibody corresponding to a transient RANKL invalidation. The dento-alveolar complex was systematically analyzed using micro-CT, and histological and immunohistochemical approaches. These experiments showed that the root elongation alterations observed in the Rankl-/-mice were associated with reduced proliferation of the RANK-expressing HERS cells with a significant decrease in proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression and a significant increase in P21 expression. The phenotypic comparison of the adult first molar root at 35 days between permanent and transitory invalidations of RANKL made it possible to demonstrate that alterations in dental root development have at least two origins, one intrinsic and linked to proliferation/differentiation perturbations in dental-root-forming cells, the other extrinsic and corresponding to disturbances of bone cell differentiation/function.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 2, 2020 - 2:06:32 PM
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Andrea Gama, Jorge Vargas-Franco, Diana Carolina Sánchez Mesa, Elizabeth Restrepo Bedoya, Jérôme Amiaud, et al.. Origins of Alterations to Rankl Null Mutant Mouse Dental Root Development. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, MDPI, 2020, 21 (6), pp.2201. ⟨10.3390/ijms21062201⟩. ⟨inserm-02529631⟩

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