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LEUKAEMIA INHIBITORY FACTOR EXPRESSION IS INHIBITED BY GLUCOCORTICOIDS THROUGH POST-TRANSCRIPTIONAL MECHANISMS

Abstract : Leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is a pleiotropic cytokine which is involved in the regulation of the immune response and haematopoiesis. The authors investigated the regulation of the expression of LIF by glucocorticosteroids (GC). Endothelial cells (EC) constitutively produce LIF and this production is enhanced by interleukin 1 (IL-1). GC were found to inhibit the basal production of LIF by EC and to suppress its IL-1-induced augmentation. Whether corticosteroids suppress LIF production by blocking transcription of LIF mRNA, or by blocking LIF synthesis at a post-transcriptional level was examined. Northern blot hybridization analysis demonstrated that GC act mainly by decreasing the LIF mRNA level. In the presence of translation inhibitors a superinduction of LIF mRNA was observed. Dexamethasone (DEX) at a concentration of 1 microM was responsible for a rapid increase in the degradation rate of LIF mRNA which resulted in reducing its level by more than 50% within 2 h, whereas the transcription rate of LIF gene was not significantly altered in these conditions. These results demonstrated that GC inhibit LIF mRNA expression mainly by increasing the turnover rate of the LIF mRNA. The early LIF mRNA destabilizing activity of GC was translation dependent as shown by experiments with protein translation inhibitors. The results indicate that corticosteroids are inhibitors of LIF expression and that this inhibition mainly occurs through post-transcriptional mechanisms.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-02519475
Contributor : Christophe Grosset <>
Submitted on : Thursday, March 26, 2020 - 9:43:57 AM
Last modification on : Friday, July 10, 2020 - 7:58:53 AM

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Christophe Grosset, Jean-Luc Taupin, Claudie Lemercier, Jean-François Moreau, Josy Reiffers, et al.. LEUKAEMIA INHIBITORY FACTOR EXPRESSION IS INHIBITED BY GLUCOCORTICOIDS THROUGH POST-TRANSCRIPTIONAL MECHANISMS. Cytokine, Elsevier, 1999, 11 (1), pp.29-36. ⟨10.1006/cyto.1998.0394⟩. ⟨inserm-02519475⟩

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