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Observations on the perfusion recovery of regenerative angiogenesis in an ischemic limb model under hyperoxia

Abstract : This study combines two well-known vascular research models, hyperoxia and hind limb ischemia, aiming to better characterize capacities of the hyperoxia challenge. We studied two groups of C57/BL6 male mice, a control (C) and a hind limb ischemia (HLI) group. Perfusion from both limbs was recorded in all animals by laser Doppler techniques under an oxygen (O 2) saturated atmosphere, once for control and, during 35 days for the HLI group. We used a third set of normoxic animals for HLI morphometric control. The expected variability of responses was higher for the younger animals. In the HLI group, capillary density normalized at Day 21 as expected, but not microcirculatory physiology. In the operated limb, perfusion decreased dramatically following surgery (Day 4), as a slight reduction in the non-operated limb was also noted. Consistently, the response to hyperoxia was an increased perfusion in the ischemic limb and decreased perfusion in the contralateral limb. Only at Day 35, both limbs exhibited similar flows, although noticeably lower than Day 0. These observations help to understand some of the functional variability attributed to the hyperoxia model, by showing (i) differences in the circulation of the limb pairs to readjust a new perfusion set-point even after ischemia, an original finding implying that (ii) data from both limbs should be recorded when performing distal measurements in vivo. Our data demonstrate that the new vessels following HLI are not functionally normal, and this also affects the non-operated limb. These findings confirm the discriminative capacities of the hyperoxia challenge and suggest its potential utility to study other pathologies with vascular impact.
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Submitted on : Sunday, March 1, 2020 - 11:15:01 PM
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Luis Monteiro Rodrigues, Henrique Silva, Hugo Ferreira, Marie-Ange Renault, Alain-Pierre Gadeau. Observations on the perfusion recovery of regenerative angiogenesis in an ischemic limb model under hyperoxia. Physiological Reports, Wiley, 2018, 6 (12), pp.e13736. ⟨10.14814/phy2.13736⟩. ⟨inserm-02495331⟩

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