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Recovery and Prediction of Dynamic Precision Grip Force Control After Stroke

Abstract : Background and Purpose- Dexterous object manipulation, requiring generation and control of finger forces, is often impaired after stroke. This study aimed to describe recovery of precision grip force control after stroke and to determine clinical and imaging predictors of 6-month performance. Methods- Eighty first-ever stroke patients with varying degrees of upper limb weakness were evaluated at 3 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months after stroke. Twenty-three healthy individuals of comparable age were also studied. The Strength-Dexterity test was used to quantify index finger and thumb forces during compression of springs of varying length in a precision grip. The coordination between finger forces (CorrForce), along with Dexterity-score and Repeatability-score, was calculated. Anatomical magnetic resonance imaging was used to calculate weighted corticospinal tract lesion load (wCST-LL). Results- CorrForce, Dexterity-score, and Repeatability-score in the affected hand were dramatically lower at each time point compared with the less-affected hand and the control group, even in patients with mild motor impairment according to Fugl-Meyer assessment. Improved performance over time occurred in CorrForce and Dexterity-score but not in Repeatability-score. The Fugl-Meyer assessment hand subscale, sensory function, and wCST-LL best predicted CorrForce and Dexterity-score status at 6 months (R2=0.56 and 0.87, respectively). wCST-LL explained substantial variance in CorrForce (R2=0.34) and Dexterity-score (R2=0.50) at 6 months; two-point discrimination and Fugl-Meyer score accounted for considerable additional variance. Absence of recovery in CorrForce was predicted by wCST-LL >4 cc and in Dexterity-score by wCST-LL >6 cc. Conclusions- Findings highlight persisting deficits in the ability to grasp and control finger forces after stroke. wCST-LL was the strongest predictor of performance at 6 months, but early two-point discrimination and Fugl-Meyer score had substantial additional predictive value.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 18, 2020 - 1:46:27 PM
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Gaia Valentina Pennati, Jeanette Plantin, Loïc Carment, Pauline Roca, Jean-Claude Baron, et al.. Recovery and Prediction of Dynamic Precision Grip Force Control After Stroke. Stroke, American Heart Association, 2020, ⟨10.1161/STROKEAHA.119.026205⟩. ⟨inserm-02483088⟩

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