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Journal Articles Biologie Aujourd'hui Year : 2016

[Role and regulation of cAMP signaling in human trophoblast fusion].

Rôle de la signalisation AMPc dans la fusion des trophoblastes du placenta humain

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1

Abstract

In the human placenta, mononuclear cytotrophoblasts fuse to form multinucleated syncytia ensuring hormonal production and nutrient exchanges between the maternal and fetal circulation. The syncytial formation is necessary for the maintenance of pregnancy and for fetal growth. The cAMP signaling pathway is the major route to trigger trophoblast fusion and its activation results in phosphorylation of specific intracellular target proteins and assembly of macromolecular protein complexes constituting the fusogenic machinery at the plasma membrane. Specificity in cAMP signaling is ensured by generation of localized pools of cAMP controlled by cAMP phosphodiesterases (PDEs) and by discrete spatial and temporal activation of protein kinase A (PKA) in supramolecular signaling clusters inside the cell organized by A-kinase-anchoring proteins (AKAPs) and by organization of signal termination by protein phosphatases (PPs). Here we summarize the current knowledge of proteins and protein macrocomplexes involved in the spatiotemporal regulation of cAMP signaling that triggers human trophoblast fusion.

Dates and versions

inserm-02472540 , version 1 (10-02-2020)

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Pascale Gerbaud, Fatima Ferreira, Guillaume Pidoux. [Role and regulation of cAMP signaling in human trophoblast fusion].. Biologie Aujourd'hui, 2016, 210 (3), pp.139-151. ⟨10.1051/jbio/2016017⟩. ⟨inserm-02472540⟩
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