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Changes in dynamic arterial elastance induced by volume expansion and vasopressor in the operating room: a prospective bicentre study

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Dynamic arterial elastance (Eadyn), defined as the ratio between pulse pressure variations and stroke volume variations, has been proposed to assess functional arterial load. We evaluated the evolution of Eadyn during volume expansion and the effects of neosynephrine infusion in hypotensive and preload-responsive patients. METHODS: In this prospective bicentre study, we included 56 mechanically ventilated patients in the operating room. Each patient had volume expansion and neosynephrine infusion. Stroke volume and stroke volume variations were obtained using esophageal Doppler, and pulse pressure variations were measured through the arterial line. Pressure response to volume expansion was defined as an increase in mean arterial pressure (MAP) ≥ 10%. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients were pressure responders to volume expansion. Volume expansion induced a decrease in Eadyn (from 0.69 [0.58-0.85] to 0.59 [0.42-0.77]) related to a decrease in pulse pressure variations more pronounced than the decrease in stroke volume variations. Baseline and changes in Eadyn after volume expansion were related to age, history of arterial hypertension, net arterial compliance and effective arterial elastance. Eadyn value before volume expansion > 0.65 predicted a MAP increase ≥ 10% with a sensitivity of 76% (95% CI 53-92%) and a specificity of 60% (95% CI 42-76%). Neosynephrine infusion induced a decrease in Eadyn (from 0.67 [0.48-0.80] to 0.54 [0.37-0.68]) related to a decrease in pulse pressure variations more pronounced than the decrease in stroke volume variations. Baseline and changes in Eadyn after neosynephrine infusion were only related to heart rate. CONCLUSION: Eadyn is a potential sensitive marker of arterial tone changes following vasopressor infusion.
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Hugues de Courson, Philippe Boyer, Romain Grobost, Romain Lanchon, Musa Sesay, et al.. Changes in dynamic arterial elastance induced by volume expansion and vasopressor in the operating room: a prospective bicentre study. Annals of Intensive Care, SpringerOpen, 2019, 9 (1), pp.117. ⟨10.1186/s13613-019-0588-6⟩. ⟨inserm-02467622⟩

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