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Increased Serum C-reactive Protein and Corpus Callosum Alterations in Older Adults

Abstract : Chronic systemic low-grade inflammation is associated with aging, but little is known on whether age-related inflammation affects brain structure, particularly white matter. The current study tested the hypothesis that in older adults without dementia, higher serum levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) are associated with reduced corpus callosum (CC) areas. French community-dwelling subjects (ESPRIT study) aged 65 and older (N=101) underwent hs-CRP testing and structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Multiple linear regression models were carried out. In the unadjusted model, higher hs-CRP level was significantly associated with smaller anterior, mid, and total midsagittal CC areas, but not with the posterior CC area. These associations were independent of demographic characteristics and intracranial volume. After adjustment for body mass index, diabetes, inflammation-related chronic pathologies and white matter lesions (WML), only the associations between hs-CRP level and smaller anterior and total midsagittal CC areas were still significant, although weaker. These findings suggest that low-grade inflammation is associated with CC structural integrity alterations in older adults independently of physical or neuropsychiatric pathologies.
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Fabienne Cyprien, Philippe Courtet, Jerome Maller, Chantal Meslin, Karen Ritchie, et al.. Increased Serum C-reactive Protein and Corpus Callosum Alterations in Older Adults. Aging and disease, Kunlin Jin, 2019, 10 (2), pp.463-469. ⟨10.14336/AD.2018.0329⟩. ⟨inserm-02466134⟩

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