Alternative promoter usage generates novel shorter MAPT mRNA transcripts in Alzheimer’s disease and progressive supranuclear palsy brains - Inserm - Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale Access content directly
Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2017

Alternative promoter usage generates novel shorter MAPT mRNA transcripts in Alzheimer’s disease and progressive supranuclear palsy brains

L'utilisation d'un promoteur alternatif de MAPT génère de nouveaux transcrits ARNm plus courts dans le cerveau des malades d'Alzheimer et de paralysie supranucléaire progressive

Abstract

Alternative promoter usage is an important mechanism for transcriptome diversity and the regulation of gene expression. Indeed, this alternative usage may influence tissue/subcellular specificity, protein translation and function of the proteins. The existence of an alternative promoter for MAPT gene was considered for a long time to explain differential tissue specificity and differential response to transcription and growth factors between mRNA transcripts. The alternative promoter usage could explain partly the different tau proteins expression patterns observed in tauopathies. Here, we report on our discovery of a functional alternative promoter for MAPT, located upstream of the gene's second exon (exon 1). By analyzing genome databases and brain tissue from control individuals and patients with Alzheimer's disease or progressive supranuclear palsy, we identified novel shorter transcripts derived from this alternative promoter. These transcripts are increased in patients' brain tissue as assessed by 5'RACE-PCR and qPCR. We suggest that these new MAPT isoforms can be translated into normal or amino-terminal-truncated tau proteins. We further suggest that activation of MAPT's alternative promoter under pathological conditions leads to the production of truncated proteins, changes in protein localization and function, and thus neurodegeneration.
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Dates and versions

inserm-02460428 , version 1 (30-01-2020)

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Vincent Huin, Vincent Deramecourt, Dominique Caparros-Lefebvre, Claude Alain Maurage, Charles Duyckaerts, et al.. Alternative promoter usage generates novel shorter MAPT mRNA transcripts in Alzheimer’s disease and progressive supranuclear palsy brains. Scientific Reports, 2017, 7 (1), pp.12589. ⟨10.1038/s41598-017-12955-7⟩. ⟨inserm-02460428⟩

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