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Neurotensin Agonist Induces Differential Regulation of Neurotensin Receptor mRNA. Identification of Distinct Transcriptional and Post-Transcriptional Mechanisms

Abstract : The binding of neurotensin (NT) to specific receptors triggers the multiple functions that NT exerts in both periphery and brain. By studying the effect of the concentration and time of NT agonist exposure, two separate regulatory mechanisms were detected for the neu-rotensin receptor (NTR) gene in human colonic adenocarcinoma cells (HT-29). The incubation of cells for 6 h with the NT agonist, JMV 449, resulted in an increase of 270% in NTR mRNA levels. These changes were the direct result of new NTR gene transcription, as indicated by run-on and half-life experiments. In addition, the transcriptional activation of the NTR gene was dependent on NT-receptor complex internalization and de novo protein synthesis. A second response was detected with prolonged exposure to JMV 449. In this case, a decrease of 70% was detected in NTR mRNA levels. Unlike the initial phase, this change was mediated by a post-transcriptional event as the half-life of NTR mRNA from treated cells decreased by 50% as compared with control cells. NT agonist appears to regulate the synthesis of NTR mRNA. In HT-29 cells, this feedback is exerted by a bi-phasic response. These phases are apparently independent and mediated by two separate mechanisms.
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Frédérique Souazé, William Rostène, Patricia Forgez. Neurotensin Agonist Induces Differential Regulation of Neurotensin Receptor mRNA. Identification of Distinct Transcriptional and Post-Transcriptional Mechanisms. Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1997, 272 (15), pp.10087 - 10094. ⟨10.1074/jbc.272.15.10087⟩. ⟨inserm-02459623⟩

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