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Deletion of the chromatin remodeling geneSPT10 sensitizes yeast cells to a subclass of DNA-damaging agents

Abstract : The Saccharomyces cerevisiae SPT10 protein possesses a DNA-binding domain that is fused to a putative histone acetyltransferase domain. It binds specifically to upstream-activating sequence elements in the core histone promoters and plays a direct role in histone gene regulation. SPT10 is also required for cell-cycle-specific K56 acetylation at histone genes, allowing the recruitment of the nucleosome remodeling factor Snf5 and subsequent regulation of gene transcription. We reisolated the SPT10 gene in a functional genome-wide screen designed to identify haploid yeast mutants that are hypersensitive to the antitumor drug bleomycin, which acts by damaging DNA. In addition to bleomycin, we show that spt10Delta mutants are also hypersensitive to a limited set of genotoxic agents that create DNA strand breaks, but not to 254-nm ultraviolet light or 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide, which generate helix distortion. The hypersensitivities of the spt10Delta mutant to the genotoxic agents are rescued by a single copy plasmid carrying the SPT10 gene. We further showed that spt10Delta mutants displayed a modest twofold increase spontaneous mutant frequency, as compared to the parent. Following exposure to bleomycin, these mutants accumulate unrepaired lesions, e.g., DNA strand breaks with blocked 3'-ends in the chromosomal DNA. This defect is not due to the altered expression level or the enzymatic activities of a key DNA repair enzyme, APN1, which is known to repair DNA strand breaks with blocked ends. We propose that SPT10 mediates repair of a subset of DNA lesions by acetylating histones to promote recruitment of DNA repair enzymes.
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Contributor : Sylvie Le Bihan Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 28, 2020 - 3:31:59 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 12:13:39 PM

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Kaouther Tounekti, Mustapha Aouida, Anick Leduc, Jérémie Poschmann, Xiaoming yang, et al.. Deletion of the chromatin remodeling geneSPT10 sensitizes yeast cells to a subclass of DNA-damaging agents. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis, Wiley-Blackwell, 2006, 47 (9), pp.707-717. ⟨10.1002/em.20260⟩. ⟨inserm-02458212⟩



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