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A histone acetylome-wide association study of Alzheimer’s disease identifies disease-associated H3K27ac differences in the entorhinal cortex

Abstract : We quantified genome-wide patterns of lysine H3K27 acetylation (H3K27ac) in entorhinal cortex samples from Alzheimer's disease (AD) cases and matched controls using chromatin immunoprecipitation and highly parallel sequencing. We observed widespread acetylomic variation associated with AD neuropathology, identifying 4,162 differential peaks (false discovery rate < 0.05) between AD cases and controls. Differentially acetylated peaks were enriched in disease-related biological pathways and included regions annotated to genes involved in the progression of amyloid-β and tau pathology (for example, APP, PSEN1, PSEN2, and MAPT), as well as regions containing variants associated with sporadic late-onset AD. Partitioned heritability analysis highlighted a highly significant enrichment of AD risk variants in entorhinal cortex H3K27ac peak regions. AD-associated variable H3K27ac was associated with transcriptional variation at proximal genes including CR1, GPR22, KMO, PIM3, PSEN1, and RGCC. In addition to identifying molecular pathways associated with AD neuropathology, we present a framework for genome-wide studies of histone modifications in complex disease.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-02457765
Contributor : Sylvie Le Bihan <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 28, 2020 - 12:13:10 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 29, 2020 - 1:28:34 AM

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Sarah Marzi, Szi Kay Leung, Teodora Ribarska, Eilis Hannon, Adam Smith, et al.. A histone acetylome-wide association study of Alzheimer’s disease identifies disease-associated H3K27ac differences in the entorhinal cortex. Nature Neuroscience, Nature Publishing Group, 2018, 21 (11), pp.1618-1627. ⟨10.1038/s41593-018-0253-7⟩. ⟨inserm-02457765⟩

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