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Morphological features in juvenile Huntington disease associated with cerebellar atrophy -magnetic resonance imaging morphometric analysis

Abstract : BACKGROUND: The imaging features of Huntington disease are well known in adults, unlike in juvenile-onset Huntington disease. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a morphometric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) analysis in three juvenile Huntington disease patients (ages 2, 4 and 6 years old) to determine whether quantitative cerebral and cerebellar morphological metrics may provide diagnostically interesting patterns of cerebellar and cerebellar atrophy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report the cases of three siblings with extremely early presentations of juvenile Huntington disease associated with dramatic expansions of the morbid paternal allele from 43 to more than 100 CAG trinucleotide repeats. Automatic segmentation of MRI images of the cerebrum and cerebellum was performed and volumes of cerebral substructures and cerebellar lobules of juvenile Huntington disease patients were compared to those of 30 normal gender- and age-matched controls. Juvenile Huntington disease segmented volumes were compared to those of age-matched controls by using a z-score. RESULTS: Three cerebral substructures (caudate nucleus, putamen and globus pallidus) demonstrated a reduction in size of more than three standard deviations from the normal mean although it was not salient in one of them at clinical reading and was not diagnosed. The size of cerebellum lobules, cerebellum grey matter and cerebellum cortex was reduced by more than two standard deviations in the three patients. The cerebellar atrophy was predominant in the posterior lobe. CONCLUSION: Our study sheds light on atrophic cerebral and cerebellar structures in juvenile Huntington disease. Automatic segmentations of the cerebellum provide patterns that may be of diagnostic interest in this disease.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-02457366
Contributor : Jean Nicolas Dacher <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 28, 2020 - 6:36:26 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 29, 2020 - 1:36:47 AM

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Abderrahmane Hedjoudje, Gaël Nicolas, Alice Goldenberg, Catherine Vanhulle, Clémentine Dumant-Forrest, et al.. Morphological features in juvenile Huntington disease associated with cerebellar atrophy -magnetic resonance imaging morphometric analysis. Pediatric Radiology, Springer Verlag, 2018, 48 (10), pp.1463 - 1471. ⟨10.1007/s00247-018-4167-z⟩. ⟨inserm-02457366⟩

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