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Diffusion tensor imaging in acute pyelonephritis in children

Abstract : Background Diffusion-weighted imaging plays a key role in the imaging of acute pyelonephritis by MRI. However the use of respiratory triggering is challenging and time-consuming in children. Diffusion tensor imaging without respiratory triggering might provide satisfying images of the moving kidneys. Objective To compare mean diffusivity diffusion tensor images obtained with free breathing with diffusion-weighted images obtained with respiratory triggering. Materials and methods Thirty-one children with suspected acute pyelonephritis underwent axial diffusion tensor imaging acquisition with free breathing and axial and coronal diffusion-weighted imaging acquisitions with respiratory triggering. We compared image quality and detection of nephritis between the two sequences. Results Diffusion tensor imaging demonstrated agreement with diffusion-weighted imaging in all cases, with no difference in the detection of nephritis areas. The image quality was significantly better with diffusion tensor imaging (P<0.01). Conclusion Diffusion tensor imaging could replace diffusion-weighted imaging for diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-02457263
Contributor : Jean Nicolas Dacher <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 27, 2020 - 9:40:44 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 5, 2020 - 1:20:51 AM

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Mickaël Lair, Mariette Renaux-Petel, Adnan Hassani, Yohann Cruypeninck, Ioana Vasies, et al.. Diffusion tensor imaging in acute pyelonephritis in children. Pediatric Radiology, Springer Verlag, 2018, 48 (8), pp.1081-1085. ⟨10.1007/s00247-018-4146-4⟩. ⟨inserm-02457263⟩

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