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Integration of elicited expert information via a power prior in Bayesian variable selection: Application to colon cancer data

Abstract : Background: Building tools to support personalized medicine needs to model medical decision-making. For this purpose, both expert and real world data provide a rich source of information. Currently, machine learning techniques are developing to select relevant variables for decision-making. Rather than using data-driven analysis alone, eliciting prior information from physicians related to their medical decision-making processes can be useful in variable selection. Our framework is electronic health records data on repeated dose adjustment of Irinotecan for the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer. We propose a method that incorporates elicited expert weights associated with variables involved in dose reduction decisions into the Stochastic Search Variable Selection (SSVS), a Bayesian variable selection method, by using a power prior. Methods: Clinician experts were first asked to provide numerical clinical relevance weights to express their beliefs about the importance of each variable in their medical decision making. Then, we modeled the link between repeated dose reduction, patient characteristics, and toxicities by assuming a logistic mixed-effects model. Simulated data were generated based on the elicited weights and combined with the observed dose reduction data via a power prior. We compared the Bayesian power prior-based SSVS performance to the usual SSVS in our case study, including a sensitivity analysis using the power prior parameter. Results: The selected variables differ when using only expert knowledge, only the usual SSVS, or combining both. Our method enables one to select rare variables that may be missed using only the observed data and to discard variables that appear to be relevant based on the data but not relevant from the expert perspective. Conclusion: We introduce an innovative Bayesian variable selection method that adaptively combines elicited expert information and real world data. The method selects a set of variables relevant to model medical decision process.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-02456624
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Submitted on : Monday, January 27, 2020 - 2:55:25 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:09:49 AM

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Sandrine Boulet, Moreno Ursino, Peter Thall, Bruno Landi, Céline Lepere, et al.. Integration of elicited expert information via a power prior in Bayesian variable selection: Application to colon cancer data. Statistical Methods in Medical Research, SAGE Publications, 2019, 38 (12), Ahead of print. ⟨10.1177/0962280219841082⟩. ⟨inserm-02456624⟩

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