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Enhanced Amikacin Diffusion With Ultrasound and Microbubbles in a Mechanically Ventilated Condensed Lung Rabbit Model

Abstract : The poor diffusion of intravenous antibiotics in lung tissue makes nosocomial pneumonia challenging to treat, notably in critical patients under mechanical ventilation. The combination of ultrasound and microbubbles (USMB) is an emerging method for non-invasive and targeted enhancement of uptake of various drugs in several organs. This study aims to evaluate if USMB may increase amikacin concentration in condensed lung tissues in a mechanically ventilated rabbit model. When applied 60 or 160 min after the beginning of an intravenous amikacin infusion, USMB increased amikacin concentration in the condensed lung tissue by 1.33 (p = 0.025) or 1.56-fold (p = 0.028) respectively. When applied 70 min after the beginning of an intravenous amikacin infusion, USMB increased amikacin concentration in the muscle tissue by 2.52 (p = 0.025). In conclusion, this study demonstrates that USMB is a promising method for the targeted delivery of amikacin in mechanically ventilated condensed lung, thus opening new therapeutic fields against lung infections.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 16, 2020 - 7:20:27 AM
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Fabien Espitalier, François Darrouzain, Jean-Michel Escoffre, David Ternant, Eric Piver, et al.. Enhanced Amikacin Diffusion With Ultrasound and Microbubbles in a Mechanically Ventilated Condensed Lung Rabbit Model. Frontiers in Pharmacology, Frontiers, 2020, 10, pp.1562. ⟨10.3389/fphar.2019.01562⟩. ⟨inserm-02441635⟩

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