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Sympathetic cardiac function in early sepsis: Noninvasive evaluation with [123I]-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (123I-MIBG) in vivo SPECT imaging

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Sympathetic system abnormalities have been reported in sepsis-related cardiac dysfunction. The present study aimed at evaluating the potential of the norepinephrine radiolabeled analogue [123I]-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (123I-MIBG) for the noninvasive assessment of modifications in cardiac sympathetic activity occurring in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced experimental acute sepsis by single-photon emission computed tomographic imaging (SPECT). METHODS AND RESULTS: Sepsis was induced in male Wistar rats by intraperitoneal injection of 10 mg·kg-1 lipopolysaccharide (n = 16), whereas control animals (n = 7) were injected with vehicle (NaCl 0.9%). Echocardiography in LPS-injected animals (n = 8) demonstrated systolic and diastolic cardiac dysfunction. 123I-MIBG was injected 1 hour after LPS or vehicle administration (n = 8 and 7, respectively), and in vivo SPECT imaging was performed early and late (20 and 180 minutes) after tracer injection prior to animal euthanasia and ex vivo assessment of 123I-MIBG biodistribution. Global and 17-segment SPECT image analysis indicated that early 123I-MIBG activity was not affected by LPS treatment, whereas late cardiac tracer activity was significantly decreased in LPS-treated animals. Consequently, the cardiac washout of 123I-MIBG was significantly higher in LPS-treated (63.3% ± 4.0%) than that in control animals (56.7% ± 5.8%) (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Sepsis-induced modifications in cardiac sympathetic nervous system activity were evidenced by noninvasive in vivo 123I-MIBG SPECT imaging.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-02440489
Contributor : Pascale Perret <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 15, 2020 - 11:08:57 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 26, 2020 - 4:43:19 PM

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Romain Clerc, Sophia Doll, Laurent Riou, Pascale Perret, Alexis Broisat, et al.. Sympathetic cardiac function in early sepsis: Noninvasive evaluation with [123I]-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (123I-MIBG) in vivo SPECT imaging. Journal of Nuclear Cardiology, Springer Verlag, 2018, 25 (2), pp.483-491. ⟨10.1007/s12350-016-0619-8⟩. ⟨inserm-02440489⟩

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