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Unhealthy behaviours and risk of visual impairment: The CONSTANCES population-based cohort

Abstract : Unhealthy behaviours are linked to a higher risk of eye diseases, but their combined effect on visual function is unknown. We aimed to examine the individual and combined associations of diet, physical activity, smoking and alcohol consumption with visual impairment among French adults. 38 903 participants aged 18-73 years from the CONSTANCES nationwide cohort (2012-2016) with visual acuity measured and who completed, lifestyle, medical and food frequency questionnaires were included. Visual impairment was defined as a presenting visual acuity <20/40 in the better eye. After full multivariate adjustment, the odds for visual impairment increased with decreasing diet quality (p for trend = 0.04), decreasing physical activity (p for trend = 0.02) and increasing smoking pack-years (p for trend = 0.03), whereas no statistically significant association with alcohol consumption was found. Combination of several unhealthy behaviours was associated with increasing odds for visual impairment (p for trend = 0.0002), with a fully-adjusted odds ratio of 1.81 (95% CI 1.18 to 2.79) for participants reporting 2 unhealthy behaviours and 2.92 (95% CI 1.60 to 5.32) for those reporting 3 unhealthy behaviours. An unhealthy lifestyle including low/intermediate diet quality, low physical activity and heavy smoking was associated with visual impairment in this large population-based study.
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Contributor : Bernard Srour <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 15, 2020 - 9:10:31 AM
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Bénédicte Merle, Gwendoline Moreau, Anna Ozguler, Bernard Srour, Audrey Cougnard-Grégoire, et al.. Unhealthy behaviours and risk of visual impairment: The CONSTANCES population-based cohort. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2018, 8 (1), pp.6569. ⟨10.1038/s41598-018-24822-0⟩. ⟨inserm-02440157⟩

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