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Regulation of B cell responses by distinct populations of CD4 T cells

Abstract : Maturation of B cells in Germinal Centers (GC) is a hallmark in adaptive immunity and the basis of successful vaccines that protect us against lethal infections. Nonetheless, vaccination efficacy is very much reduced in aged population and against highly mutagenic viruses. Therefore, it is key to understand how B cell selection takes place in GC in order to develop new and fully protective vaccines. The cellular mechanisms that control selection of GC B cells are performed by different T cell populations. On one side, cognate entanglement of B cells with T follicular helper (Tfh) cells through cytokines and co-stimulatory signals promotes survival, proliferation, mutagenesis and terminal differentiation of GC B cells. On the other hand, regulatory T cells have also been reported within GC and interfere with T cell help for antibody production. These cells have been classified as a distinct T cell sub-population called T Follicular regulatory cells (Tfr). In this review, we investigate the phenotype, function and differentiation of these two cell populations. In addition, based on the different functions of these cell subsets, we highlight the open questions surrounding their heterogeneity.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 14, 2020 - 6:18:59 PM
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Meryem Aloulou, Nicolas Fazilleau. Regulation of B cell responses by distinct populations of CD4 T cells. Biomedical journal, Mumbai: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt. Ltd., 2019, 42 (4), pp.243-251. ⟨10.1016/j.bj.2019.06.002⟩. ⟨inserm-02439864⟩

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