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Systems biology of Ewing sarcoma: a network model of EWS-FLI1 effect on proliferation and apoptosis

Abstract : Ewing sarcoma is the second most frequent pediat-ric bone tumor. In most of the patients, a chromo-somal translocation leads to the expression of the EWS-FLI1 chimeric transcription factor that is the major oncogene in this pathology. Relative genetic simplicity of Ewing sarcoma makes it particularly attractive for studying cancer in a systemic manner. Silencing EWS-FLI1 induces cell cycle alteration and ultimately leads to apoptosis, but the exact molecular mechanisms underlying this phenotype are unclear. In this study, a network linking EWS-FLI1 to cell cycle and apoptosis phenotypes was constructed through an original method of network reconstruction. Transcriptome time-series after EWS-FLI1 silencing were used to identify core modulated genes by an original scoring method based on fitting expression profile dynamics curves. Literature data mining was then used to connect these modulated genes into a network. The validity of a subpart of this network was assessed by siRNA/RT-QPCR experiments on four additional Ewing cell lines and confirmed most of the links. Based on the network and the transcriptome data, CUL1 was identified as a new potential target of EWS-FLI1. Altogether, using an original methodology of data integration, we provide the first version of EWS-FLI1 network model of cell cycle and apoptosis regulation.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-02438745
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 14, 2020 - 12:31:37 PM
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Gautier Stoll, Didier Surdez, Franck Tirode, Karine Laud, Emmanuel Barillot, et al.. Systems biology of Ewing sarcoma: a network model of EWS-FLI1 effect on proliferation and apoptosis. Nucleic Acids Research, Oxford University Press, 2013, 41 (19), pp.8853-8871. ⟨10.1093/nar/gkt678⟩. ⟨inserm-02438745⟩

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