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A Functional, New Short Isoform of Death Receptor 4 in Ewing's Sarcoma Cell Lines May be Involved in TRAIL Sensitivity/Resistance Mechanisms

Abstract : Ewing's sarcoma (ES) is a high-grade neoplasm arising in bones of children and adolescents. Survival rate decreases from greater than 50% to only 20% after 5 years for patients not responding to treatment or presenting metastases at diagnosis. TRAIL, which has strong antitumoral activity, is a promising therapeutic candidate. To address TRAIL sensitivity, 7 human ES cell lines were used. Cell viability experiments [3'[1-(phenylaminocarbonyl)-3,4-tetrazolium]-bis(4-methoxy-6-nitro-)benzene sulfonic acid hydrate (XTT) assay] showed that 4 of the 7 ES cell lines were resistant to TRAIL. Western blotting and flow cytometry analyses revealed that DR5 was uniformly expressed by all ES cell lines, whereas DR4 levels were higher in sensitive cell lines. In TRAIL-sensitive TC-71 cells, knockdown of TNFRSF10A/DR4 by short hairpin RNA (shRNA) was associated with a loss of sensitivity to TRAIL, in spite of DR5 presence. Interestingly, we identified a new transcript variant that results from an alternative splicing and encodes a 310-amino acid protein which corresponds to the 468 aa of DR4 original isoform but truncated of aa 11 to 168 within the extracellular TRAIL-binding domain. According to modeling studies, the contact of this new DR4 isoform (bDR4) with TRAIL seemed largely preserved. The overexpression of bDR4 in a TRAIL-resistant cell line restored TRAIL sensitivity. TRAIL resensitization was also observed after c-FLIP knockdown by shRNA in two TRAIL-resistant cell lines, as shown by XTT assay and caspase-3 assay. The results presented in this study showed that DR4, both as the complete form or as its new short isoform, is involved in TRAIL sensitivity in ES.
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Gaëlle Picarda, Sylvanie Surget, Romain Guiho, Stéphane Teletchea, Martine Berreur, et al.. A Functional, New Short Isoform of Death Receptor 4 in Ewing's Sarcoma Cell Lines May be Involved in TRAIL Sensitivity/Resistance Mechanisms. Molecular Cancer Research, American Association for Cancer Research, 2012, 10 (3), pp.336-346. ⟨10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-11-0390⟩. ⟨inserm-02438684⟩

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